Michigan absentee and mail ballot guide
Michigan absentee ballot overview
Absentee ballots and mail ballots are the same thing, and the process for getting one is straight forward.
- Request your ballot by the deadline
- Receive your in ballot in the mail
- Return your ballot by the deadline
Michigan absentee deadlines
- Earliest day to apply: Anytime
- Request deadline (online): 4 days before Election Day
- Request deadline (by mail): Received 4 days before Election Day
- Request deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
- Deadline to return your ballot (by mail): Received by Election Day
- Deadline to return your ballot (in person): Received by Election Day
Michigan absentee ballot rules
Any registered Michigan voter can request an absentee ballot and vote by mail.
Michigan online ballot request (recommended)
- Visit the Michigan absentee ballot website.
- Fill out all of the required information.
- Hit save or submit when you are done.
- The deadline to apply online is 4 days before Election Day .
Michigan by-mail ballot request
- Download the Michigan absentee ballot application.
- Fill out all of the required fields.
- Print the application.
- Sign and date your application. This is very important.
- Mail or hand-deliver your completed application directly to your local election office as soon as possible, but no later than the deadline.
- If it’s close to the deadline, call your local election office and see if they will let you submit your application via email or fax.
- Your application must be received 4 days before Election Day .
Michigan in-person ballot request
- Visit your local election office.
- Ask the clerk to give you an absentee ballot application.
- Fill out all of the required fields.
- Sign and date your application.
- The deadline to apply in person is 1 day before Election Day .
After you receive your ballot
- Carefully read and follow the instructions, and fill out all required fields.
- Sign and date the outside envelope.
- Mail or hand-deliver your ballot to your local election office. You can also hand-deliver your ballot to a state-provided drop box. Please check with your local election office if your county has a drop box. You can use our Find Out Where To Vote tool to find an official drop box.
- If you mail your ballot, it must be received by Election Day .
- If you hand-deliver your ballot, it must be received by Election Day .
- If you miss the deadline – or forget to sign the outside envelope – your vote will not be counted.
Michigan absentee ballot ID requirements
- ID required when requesting a mail-in ballot:
- Online application: You must provide the last 4 digits of your social security number AND either your Michigan driver's license number or Michigan state ID number.
- Paper application: The signature on your absentee ballot application will be compared to the signature on your voter registration record to ensure they match.
- ID required when returning a mail-in ballot:
Your signature on the return envelope will be compared to the signature on your voter registration card to ensure they match. If you forget to sign the return envelope, your ballot might be rejected.
Michigan absentee ballot tracker
Track your ballot here: Michigan absentee ballot tracker
Michigan absentee ballot curing
Ballot curing is the process of resolving any problems with your absentee or mail ballot to ensure that your vote is counted. After tracking your ballot, contact your local election office to fix any issues that have been noted.
- Your ballot will be rejected if you forget to sign it or if your signature does not match the one on file for you.
- You must make corrections by 8:00 pm on Election Day for your vote to count.
Michigan emergency ballots
Some states have special procedures that allow you to obtain an emergency ballot if a medical or other emergency occurs after the standard absentee ballot application window.Emergency Ballot Rules
You may request an emergency absentee ballot if you become physically disabled or will be absent from your city of residence due to illness or death in the family.
- Emergency ballot request starts 5PM Friday before Election Day
- Emergency ballot request ends 4PM Election Day
- Emergency ballot return deadline is received at the clerk's office by Election Day
Contact your local election office
Local election office
Contact your local election office if you have questions.
Statewide election office
This is the statewide agency that is ultimately responsible for Michigan elections. You can contact them with questions, but your local election office will probably respond faster.
Michigan Department of State Bureau of Elections P.O. Box 20126 Lansing, MI 48901‐0726
- Michigan online voter registration
- Michigan online absentee ballot request
- Michigan voter status lookup
- Michigan absentee ballot tracker
- Michigan polling place locator