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Ballot Curing Rules

Ballot curing is the process of fixing any problems with your absentee or mail ballot to ensure that your vote is counted. You will have very little time to fix issues with your ballot, so act quickly.

  1. Use your state's online ballot tracking tool to check whether your ballot has been received and counted. If your state does not have an online tool, call your local election office and ask.
  2. If your absentee ballot was rejected and it's before Election Day, you can probably still vote in person on Election Day at your polling place. Your local election office can provide more information about the rules around voting in-person after your ballot was rejected.
  3. If your ballot was rejected and it's after Election Day, you will need to act quickly. In most cases you will need to appear in person at your local election office with photo ID within 2-3 days of Election Day.

If there is anything that we have missed, please send an email to

StateBallot rejection reasonsNotification processCorrection process

Arizona law says, "Election officials shall make reasonable efforts to contact the voter, advise the voter of the inconsistent signature, and allow the voter to correct or the county to confirm the inconsistent signature."

Arizona law says, "Voters have until the fifth business day after an election to correct a signature."


Arkansas law says, "A provisional ballot cast by a voter who did not present a required document or identification card shall be counted if.... the voter returns to the county board of election commissioners or the county clerk by 12:00 noon on the Monday following the election..."


California law says, "Voters of ballots with mismatching signatures are notified a minimum of eight days prior to certification of the election."

California law says, "Voters have until 5 p.m. two days prior to certification of the election to provide a signature verification statement in person. If a voter fails to sign the absentee ballot envelope, they have until 5 p.m. on the 8th day after the election to submit an unsigned ballot statement."


Colorado law says, "Voters of ballots with missing/mismatching signatures are notified by mail within three days (or within two days after the election) of any discrepancy."

Colorado law says, "A confirmation form accompanying the letter must be returned to the county clerk and recorder within eight days after Election Day to count."

District of Columbia

The DC Board of Elections will let you know if there is an issue with your mail-in ballot. (Citation needed)


Florida law says, "County election supervisors shall notify any voter whose signature is missing or doesn’t match records."

Florida law says, "Voters may cure ballots until 5 p.m. on the second day after the election."


Georgia law says, "If ballot is rejected, the voter is promptly notified of rejection."

Georgia law says, "The voter then has until 3 days after the election to submit voter ID in conjunction with an affidavit confirming the ballot was in fact theirs in order to cure the ballot."


Hawaii law says, "Local election officials shall make an attempt to notify the voter by first-class mail, telephone or electronic mail to inform the voter of the procedure to correct the deficiency."

Hawaii law says, "The voter shall have five business days after the date of the election to cure the deficiency."


Illinois law says, "Voters are notified by mail of rejected ballot within two days of rejection."

Illinois law says, "Voters have until 14 days after election to resolve issue with county election authority."


Iowa law says, "If a ballot affidavit is incomplete or absent, the commissioner must notify the voter within 24 hours."

Iowa law says, "A voter may vote a replacement ballot until the day before the election or vote at the voter’s precinct polling place."


Massachusetts law says, "Prior to Election Day, the voter is notified and, if sufficient time allows, sent a new ballot if an affidavit signature is absent or the ballot is rejected for other reasons."

Massachusetts law says, "Voter can submit a new absentee ballot.". Unfortunately there is no way to fix issues with your ballot once Election Day has passed.


Minnesota law says, "If a ballot is rejected more than five days before Election Day a replacement ballot is mailed; if rejected within five days, election officials must contact the voter via telephone or email to provide options for voting a replacement ballot."

Minnesota law says, "Voter can request a replacement absentee ballot.". Unfortunately there is no way to fix issues with your ballot after Election Day has passed.


Montana law says, "Election administrators shall notify voters of missing or mismatched signatures."

Montana law says," Voters have until 8 p.m. on Election Day to cure their ballot."


Nevada law says, "Local election officials shall notify voters of missing or mismatched signatures."

Nevada law says, "Voters have until the seventh day after the election to resolve the issue."

New Hampshire
New Jersey

New Jersey law says, "Within 24 hours after a ballot is rejected, county board of election must issue a cure letter informing voter of the rejection."

New Jersey law says, "The voter may cure the deficiency by completing a cure form and returning to county board of election not later than 48 hours prior to final certification of election results."

New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

North Dakota law states, "Election officials must first attempt to contact voters with potential mismatched signatures by phone and, if unable to speak with the voter, by mail. The voter will receive notice of the issue with instructions for how to cure the issue within six days after Election Day."


Ohio law says, "Notice is mailed to voters whose ballots were rejected."

Ohio law says, "Voters have until the seventh day after the election to resolve issue."


Oregon law says, "County clerks notify voters by mail of any signature absence or discrepancy."

Oregon law says, "Voters must complete and return the certified statement accompanying the notice by the 14th day after the election for their ballot to count."

Rhode Island

Rhode Island law says, "Local board of canvassers is responsible for notifying voters by mail, email or phone."

Rhode Island law says, "Voters have until seven days after Election Day to correct a deficiency.

South Carolina
South Dakota

Utah law says, "Election officials notify voters of ballot rejection in one to two business days if rejected before Election Day; seven days if rejected on Election Day; and seven days if rejected between Election Day and the end of official canvas."

Utah law says, "Voters must sign a new affidavit statement provided by the clerk’s office and return by 5 p.m. the day before the official canvass (7-14 days after Election Day)."


Virginia law says, " Within three days of receipt of the ballot and discovery of the issue, the officials would provide the voter with instructions for how to cure the deficiency, and the voter would have until noon on the Friday after Election Day to cure the issue."


Washington law says, "Voters notified by mail of rejected ballots due to missing/mismatching signature statements."

Washington law says, "Voter must sign and return a curing statement before election certification (21 days after Election Day). Three days before certification, county auditors must attempt to contact by phone any voters with outstanding ballots to be cured."

West Virginia