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Emergency absentee ballots

Every state except Colorado offers absentee ballots for people who are unable to vote in person during the early voting period or on Election Day.

If you've missed regular absentee ballot deadline, you might be able to apply for an emergency absentee ballot. Emergency absentee ballots are generally used by people who are hospitalized right before an election, and after the regular absentee ballot deadline has passed.

Not all states offer emergency absentee ballots, and the exact process for getting one is often unclear. If you need an emergency absentee ballot, it's best to call your local election office as soon as possible. They will let you know if you qualify for an emergency ballot, and they'll help you with the application.

The table below summarizes the information we were able to find on emergency absentee ballots.

If anything on this page is incorrect, please fill out this form.

Alabama

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if:

  • you have a medical emergency within five days of Election Day
  • your work schedule changes within 5 days of the election and you will no longer be able to vote at the polls on Election Day.
  • you are a caregiver of a person who requires emergency treatment by a licensed physician within five days before Election Day.
  • you have a family who dies within 5 days before Election Day.
  • Application deadline (in person): 5 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): 1 day BEFORE Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): NOON on Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: NOON on Election Day
Find your local election office in Alabama
Alaska

Alaska law has no reference to emergency ballots.

  • Application deadline (in person): 10 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 10 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 10 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Alaska
Arizona

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are admitted to the hospital after 5pm on the second Friday before Election Day and before 5pm on Election Day. You will have to provide identification and sign a statement affirming that you have or are experiencing an emergency.

  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 11 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 5PM on Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Arizona
Arkansas

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized and no longer able to vote in person. You may designate a person to deliver your application and pick up your ballot. Your voted ballot must be returned to the county clerk office no later than 7:30PM on Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 4 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): 4 days BEFORE Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 7:30PM Election Day
Find your local election office in Arkansas
California

All California elections are held by mail, and the state laws do not mention emergency ballots. If you are emergency worker who has been assigned outside of the state, your local election office can send your ballot via email or fax if needed.

  • Application deadline (in person): Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in California
Colorado
  • All Colorado elections are held by mail, but there is something similar to an emergency absentee ballot.
  • If you are hospitalized or otherwise confined on Election Day, you may request in a personally signed written statement that the election official send a replacement ballot. If you are unable to have someone pick up and deliver the ballot to you, the election official may electronically deliver the ballot.
  • The replacement ballot request must be made before 5PM Election Day and returned no later than 7PM Election Day.
  • Application deadline (in person): 8 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 8 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 5PM Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 7PM Election Day
Find your local election office in Colorado
Connecticut

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are become disabled or are hospitalized within 6 days of Election Day. You can choose to appoint a designee to deliver the application and ballot. Your application must include the date of injury and the address of the hospital (if you are hospitalized).

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day if proxy deliverer, or 1 day BEFORE Election Day if delivered by voter (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: close of polls on Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Connecticut
Delaware

There is no emergency ballot provision, but you have until NOON the day before Election Day to submit a ballot request.

  • Application deadline (in person): 4 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 4 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 4 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Delaware
District of Columbia

District of Columbia law has no mention of emergency ballots.

  • Application deadline (in person): 15 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 15 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 15 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in District of Columbia
Florida

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized within 9 days of Election Day. You must request an emergency ballot in writing. You can designate a friend or family member to drop off your application and pick up your ballot.

  • Application deadline (in person): 12 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 12 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 12 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Florida
Georgia

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized within 10 days of an election.

  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 11 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Georgia
Hawaii

All elections are held by mail in Hawaii but there is something similar to an emergency absentee ballot. If you are unable to vote the ballot that was mailed to your house for some unexpected reason, you can request a replacement ballot after 4:30PM 7 days before an election.

  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Hawaii
Idaho

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized within 5 days of Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 11 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 5PM the Monday before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Idaho
Illinois

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized within 14 days of Election Day. You can designate another voter to pick up your emergency ballot and bring it to you.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 5 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 5 days before Election Day (only available in certain municipalities)
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 7PM Election Day
Find your local election office in Illinois
Indiana

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized, injured, or there is a local disaster, within the 11 days before Election Day. The local election board will determine your eligibilty, and will then mail the ballot or personally deliver it to you. Your voteed ballot must be received by 6PM Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 12 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 12 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 12 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 6PM Election Day
Find your local election office in Indiana
Iowa

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized within 3 days of Election Day. Your application must be received no later than 4 hours before polls close on Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 15 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 15 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 4 hours before polls close on Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: close of polls on Election Day or postmarked one day before Election Day.
Find your local election office in Iowa
Kansas

You can request an emergency absentee ballot if you have a temporary illness or disability, or if you are taking care of someone who is ill or disabled. You can also request an emergency absentee ballot if you are not fluent in English, or if you are assisting someone who isn't fluent in English. Please note: Kansas calls absentee ballot "advance voting ballots."

  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: NOON 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Kansas
Kentucky

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you experience a medical emergency within 14 days of Election Day. This application must be notarized. The application form may be requested and delivered by your a family member or another person who you designate to act on your behalf.

  • Application deadline (in person): 14 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): N/A
  • Application deadline (online): 14 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Kentucky
Louisiana

If you are eligible to vote absentee but do not have enough time to return your ballot by mail, you can waive your right to a secret ballot and ask the clerk to send your ballot electronically (via email or fax), or to give your ballot to an immediate family member. If you receive your ballot electronically, you can return your voted ballot via fax. If the voted ballot is returned by hand delivery, the person delivering the ballot must sign a statement indicating that they have your consent to deliver the voted ballot.

  • Application deadline (in person): 4 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 4 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 4 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): 1 day BEFORE Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): 1 day BEFORE Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 4:30PM 1 day before Election Day
Find your local election office in Louisiana
Maine

You may request an emergency ballot after the regular absentee ballot deadline if one of the following applies:

  • You will be unexpectedly absent from the municipality on Election Day
  • You have a physical disability
  • You are unable to travel to the polls as a resident of a coastal island ward or precinct
  • You have an incapacity or illness that has resulted in being unable to leave home or a treatment facility
  • Application deadline (in person): 5 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 5 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 5 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Maine
Maryland

You may submit a ballot request online through the Friday before Election Day. You may authorize a person to submit a ballot request on your behalf at the local election board office until polls close on Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 7 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: close of polls Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Maryland
Massachusetts

You may request an emergency absente ballot if you are hospitalized after NOON 7 days before Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 7 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: close of polls Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Massachusetts
Michigan

You may request an emergency absentee ballot if you become physically disabled or will be absent from your city of residence due to illness or death in the family.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 4 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 4 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 4PM Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: received at the clerk's office by Election Day
Find your local election office in Michigan
Minnesota

You may request an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized. The dealine to request an emergency absentee ballot is 5PM the day before Election Day. You may also submit an absentee application to election judges delivering absentee ballots to hospitalized voters.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 5PM 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Minnesota
Mississippi

Mississippi law has no reference to emergency ballots.

  • Application deadline (in person): 3 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): You cannot hand-deliver your mail-in ballot in Mississippi. You must put your voted ballot in the mailbox.
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Mississippi
Missouri

Missouri does not offer emergency absentee ballots. If you miss the regular absentee ballot deadline, you will have to vote in person.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 13 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Missouri
Montana

You can request an emergency absentee ballot if you have a health emergency that occurs after 5PM the Friday before Election Day. Your voted ballot must be received by 8PM on Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): NOON 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): NOON 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: close of polls Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 8PM Election Day
Find your local election office in Montana
Nebraska

Emergency absentee ballots seem to only be available to emergenc responders who are working outside the county. If you are an emergency responder, you may request an emergency ballot via fax or email.

  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: NOON Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Nebraska
Nevada

All elections are held by mail and there is no mention of emergency ballots. Nevada provides an accessible ballot portal for voters with disabilities.

  • Application deadline (in person): 14 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 14 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Nevada
New Hampshire

You can request an emergency absentee ballot if you are an emergency service worker who is called to duty after NOON on the Friday before Election Day. The secretary of state, the attorney general, and the department of safety will make reasonable efforts to ensure that you have any necessary absentee forms, affadavits and any other material needed to cast your vote.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): 5PM 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Monday before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in New Hampshire
New Jersey

New Jersey does not have a specific emergency ballot procedure, but you may apply in person for a mail ballot until 3PM 1 day before Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in New Jersey
New Mexico

You may request an provisional ballot (not an emergency absente ballot) if you become ill, disabled, hospitalized or otherwise confined within 5 days of Election Day. The written request must include your signature and the signature of your health care provider. You may designate a representative to retrieve the ballot from the county clerk. Your voted provisional ballot must be returned by the close of polls on Election Day

  • Application deadline (in person): 14 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 14 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 14 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: close of polls Election Day
Find your local election office in New Mexico
New York

There is no emergency ballot procedure for most voters. You can vote by emergency absentee ballot only if you are an emergency responder. If you are an emergency responder and will be away performing duties on Election Day, you may request a ballot after the standard absentee deadline (15 days before Election Day). This special ballot will be issued immediately using overnight express delivery unless there is a designated preference for facsimile or electronic transmission. Your voted ballot can be returned to any board of elections office or polling location within the state, but it must be received by the close of polls on Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 10 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 10 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: close of polls Election Day
Find your local election office in New York
North Carolina

You may request an emergency absentee ballot starting on 5PM the Tuesday before the election if you ill or otherwise unable to vote in person on election day. The request must be received before 5PM 1 day before Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 7 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 5PM 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 5PM Election Day
Find your local election office in North Carolina
North Dakota

If you have an emergency on Election Day, you may designate someone to request a ballot on your behalf. The completed ballot must be returned by 4PM Election Day to be counted.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): 1 day BEFORE Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: 4PM Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 4PM Election Day
Find your local election office in North Dakota
Ohio
  • You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if you or your minor child are hospitalized as a result of an accident or a medical emergency occurring before Election Day.
  • The application must be in writing and delivered to the board of elections no later than 3PM Election Day.
  • The application must include the name of the hospital, the hospitalization date, and the offices you are qualified to vote for.
  • You may have a family member retrieve the ballot for you, otherwise the board will arrange for a ballot to be delivered to the hospital for you.
  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: 3PM Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Ohio
Oklahoma

If after 5PM on the Tuesday before Election Day you or someone in your care are physically incapacitated, you may apply for an absentee ballot or designate someone to apply for you. The request must be signed and include a sworn statement by a physician.

  • Application deadline (in person): 15 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 15 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 15 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 7PM Election Day
Find your local election office in Oklahoma
Oregon

All elections are held by mail. Oregon law has no reference to emergency ballots.

  • Application deadline (in person): 5 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 5 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Oregon
Pennsylvania

You can request an emegency absentee ballot if you experience an unexpected illness, disability or last-minute absence from your municipality within 7 days of the election.

  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 7 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 8PM on Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

You may apply for an emergency absentee ballot 20 days before through 4PM 1 day before Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 21 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 21 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 21 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 4PM 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Rhode Island
South Carolina

If you are admitted to a hospital within the 4 days before Election Day, you may designate a family member obtain an a ballot, bring it to you to vote, and then return your voted ballot.

  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in South Carolina
South Dakota

If you are confined due to sickness or disability, you may receive a ballot by messenger. The deadline to submit your request is 3PM Election Day.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 3PM Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in South Dakota
Tennessee

You may apply for an emergency absentee ballot starting 20 days before Election Day if you are hospitalized. Your ballot must be witness by another registered voter.

You may be eligible to vote "absentee by personal appearance" between 5 days and 1 day before the election if

  • there is a death in your family and you will be attending a funeral outside the county on Election Day; or
  • you receive a subpoena or service of processing that requires your presence on Election Day
  • Application deadline (in person): 7 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 7 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): You cannot hand-deliver your mail-in ballot in Tennessee. You must put your voted ballot in the mailbox.
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: before polls open on Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Tennessee
Texas

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot under the following two conditions:

  1. Illness or disability If you become sck or disabled within 11 days of an election, and this will prevent you from voting in person on Election Day. Your request must be accompanied by a statement from your medical practioner.
  2. Death of a relative. If a family member dies witin 4 days of the election, you can request an emergency ballot. You will have to include a statement with the date of death and your relationship to the deceased person.
  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: for illness or disability, 5PM Election Day, for a relative's death, close of business 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Texas
Utah

You may request an emergency absentee ballot if you are hospitalized at any point after regular mail ballots have been sent, but before the close of polls on Election Day. It's best to call your Local Election Office if you need an emergency absentee ballot.

  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 11 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: close of polls Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: close of polls Election Day if hand delivered to a polling location or drop box & postmarked before Election Day if mailed.
Find your local election office in Utah
Vermont

You can request an emergency absentee ballot if you experience an unexpected illness or hospitalization. The request can be made by a family member or healthcare provider acting on your behalf. The officer request deadline is 5PM 1 day before Election Day, but the town clerk may choose to accept late requests. Ballots will be personally delivered to the person who is incapacitated.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 1 day before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: 7PM Election Day at your polling location or it must be received before the office closes 1 day before Election Day.
Find your local election office in Vermont
Virginia

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot if any of the following happen within 3 days of Election Day

  • you become very ill or are hopitalized
  • a family member becomes very ill, or is hospitalized, or dies
  • you are an election officer who was assigned to work in a precinct other than your own precinct
  • your have a work assignement, or other work obligation, that will require you to be out of town on Election Day
  • Application deadline (in person): 11 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 11 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 11 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: 2PM one day before Election Day completed application must be returned by 5PM
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in Virginia
Washington

All elections are conducted by mail. There is no specific emergency ballot provision, but a replacement ballot can be requested by phone, mail, in person or electronically. Replacement ballots can be requested and printed through VoteWA.gov.

  • Application deadline (in person): 8 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 8 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Washington
West Virginia

You can apply for an emergency absentee ballot within 7 days of the election if any of the following are true:

  • you are unable to vote in person because of illness, physical disability, immobility due to advanced age, or another medical condition
  • you are hospitalized
  • you are a resident of a nursing home
  • Application deadline (in person): 6 days before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 6 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): 1 day BEFORE Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (postmarked)
  • Application deadline: NOON Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: Election Day
Find your local election office in West Virginia
Wisconsin

If you are hospitalized, you may apply for an absentee ballot or have someone apply on your behalf. If you meet the registration requirement, but are not currently registered to vote, you may complete a voter registration form at the same time as you apply for a ballot.

  • Application deadline (in person): The exact deadline varies by municipality. Please contact your Wisconsin clerk to find out more. [Click here to find their contact information](https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/My-Municipal-Clerk)
  • Application deadline (by mail): 5 days before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): 5 days before Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: 5PM Election Day
  • Ballot return deadline: close of polls Election Day at your polling location or 8PM to the municipal clerk in some jurisdictions. Ballots may be returned by mail or in person.
Find your local election office in Wisconsin
Wyoming

Wyoming does not appear to offer emergency absentee ballots.

  • Application deadline (in person): 1 day before Election Day
  • Application deadline (by mail): 1 day before Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline (online): N/A
  • Ballot return deadline (in person): Election Day (received)
  • Ballot return deadline (by mail): Election Day (received)
  • Application deadline: N/A
  • Ballot return deadline: N/A
Find your local election office in Wyoming