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Missouri absentee ballot guide

Last updated: June 25, 2020
  • In Missouri, you can apply for an absentee ballot by-mail or in-person.

Absentee ballot deadlines

  • In-person: 1 day before Election Day
  • By-mail: 13 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Voted absentee ballots are due: Received by Election Day

Who can vote by absentee ballot in Missouri

Missouri distinguishes between "absentee ballots" and "mail-in ballots."

In 2020, any registered MO voters can sign up for a mail-in ballot without providing an excuse, but you can only return your mail-in ballot via the mail. Everyone who uses a mail-in ballot will need to have their voted ballot notarized.

Absentee ballots require an excuse, and can be returned in-person or by-mail. Some absentee voters will need to have their voted ballot notarized. You can return an absentee ballot in person or by mail. You can sign up for an absentee ballot if:

  • you will be absent from your voting jurisdiction on Election Day
  • you are incapacitated or confined due to illness or physical disability, or caring for an incapacitated person
  • you are restricted by religious belief or practice
  • you are employed by Election Day authority
  • you are incarcerated, but have retained all your voting qualifications
  • 2020 ONLY: you have contracted or are in an at-risk category for contracting or transmitting COVID-19. Voters who are considered at-risk for contracting or transmitting COVID-19 are those who: Are 65 years of age or older; Live in a long-term care facility; Have chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma; Have serious heart conditions; Have diabetes; Have chronic kidney disease and are undergoing dialysis; or Have liver disease

Apply by-mail or in-person

  1. Download and fill out the Missouri absentee ballot application.
  2. Sign and date your form.
  3. Mail or hand-deliver your completed form directly to your local election office. You should submit your form as soon as possible, but no later than the deadline.
  4. The deadline to apply for an absentee ballot by-mail is: 13 days before Election Day.
  5. The deadline to apply for an absentee ballot in-person is: 1 day before Election Day.

Your absentee ballot should arrive within a week of your application. If it doesn’t arrive, call your local election office and follow up.

Once your ballot arrives

  1. Once you receive your absentee ballot, carefully read and follow the instructions.
  2. Mail or hand-deliver your completed absentee ballot to your local elections office. Your ballot must be received by the deadline or it will not be counted.
  3. Your voted absentee ballot must be received by Election Day.

Confused? Need help?

Contact your local elections office if you have any questions about absentee ballots in Missouri.