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Alabama absentee ballot guide

Last updated: July 2, 2020
  • In Alabama, you can apply for an absentee ballot by-mail or in-person.

Absentee ballot deadlines

  • In-person: 5 days before Election Day
  • By-mail: Received 5 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Voted absentee ballots are due: Received by Election Day.

Who can vote by absentee ballot in Alabama

In 2020, any registered voter may request an absentee ballot due to COVID-19 concerns. If you are requesting a ballot due to COVID-19 concerns, you must use the "I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls" excuse on the absentee ballot application.

In general, you may vote by absentee ballot in Alabama if:

  • you will be absent from the county on Election Day
  • you are ill or have a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
  • you are a registered Alabama voter who is temporarily living outside the county (such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside of the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person)
  • you are an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than your regular polling place
  • you work a required shift – 10 hours or more – that coincides with polling hours

Apply by-mail or in-person

  1. Download and fill out the Alabama absentee ballot application.
  2. Sign and date your form.
  3. Mail or hand-deliver your completed form directly to your local election office. You should submit your form as soon as possible, but no later than the deadline.
  4. The deadline to apply for an absentee ballot by-mail is: Received 5 days before Election Day.
  5. The deadline to apply for an absentee ballot in-person is: 5 days before Election Day.

Your absentee ballot should arrive within a week of your application. If it doesn’t arrive, call your local election office and follow up.

Once your ballot arrives

  1. Once you receive your absentee ballot, carefully read and follow the instructions.
  2. Mail or hand-deliver your completed absentee ballot to your local elections office. Your ballot must be received by the deadline or it will not be counted.
  3. Your voted absentee ballot must be received by Election Day..

Confused? Need help?

Contact your local elections office if you have any questions about absentee ballots in Alabama.